Freckles are small, flat, brown spots which develop on the skin exposed to the sun. They occur due to over production of melanin post UV stimulation. They appear commonly on the face but can also appear on the part of the body exposed to the sun.
People with light skin, and red or blonde hair tend to have more freckles. Genetics play a huge role in developing freckles. Exposure to ultraviolet light activates melanocytes to produce more melanin, thus leading to freckles.
Proper use of water-resistant sunscreen can help in reducing the freckles.
The treatment depends on the severity of freckles. The dermatologists at Derma-Care determine the treatment for freckles.